The role of rare variants in TPM1 as causative mutations in Dilated Cardiomyopathy is described below. By comparing the frequency of TPM1 variants in large DCM clinical cohorts to the background population rate in the ExAC database, the proportion of DCM patients with pathogenic mutations in TPM1 can be estimated, as well as the likelihood that a rare (population allele frequency <0.0001) TPM1 variant identified in a DCM patient is disease-causing. Summary data for different variant classes (all protein-altering variants, loss of function truncating variants and non-truncating variants) is highlighted - see the table below for full details of this analysis.
Excess of TPM1 variants in DCM: 1.80% (p<0.0001)
Based on an analysis of all rare protein-altering variants (MAF<0.0001 in ExAC) in TPM1 found in 1111 DCM samples sequenced by OMGL and LMM and in reference samples of the ExAC population database.
|Excess in DCM||1.80%
0.92 - 0.97
0.74 - 1.00
0.91 - 0.97
12.62 - 37.65
3.83 - 730.79
11.54 - 36.17
The Etiological Fraction (EF) is the proportion of affected carriers where the variant caused DCM. The Odds Ratio (OR) describes the odds of having a rare variant in the patient cohort to the odds in the ExAC cohort. Fisher's exact test p-values are displayed for case excess, 95% confidence intervals for EFs and ORs.
(OMGL1 + LMM2)
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